来源：灯塔大湖南快三注册 时间：2018-08-23 13:59:46 作者：
在第一次海湾战争期间，Tufic Al Rjula的出生证明在科威特被摧毁。Al Rjula曾在荷兰难民营生活了两年，遇到了1000多名其他“隐形的”男人，女人和儿童，他们的身份证明文件也被毁或无法核实。
多年以后，Al Rjula亲身经历了出生证，驾驶执照和学位等集中式纸质身份证很容易丢失，伪造或滥用的情况，他与Jimmy Snoek共同创办了获奖的初创公司Tykn。 Tykn的使命宣言是为所有人提供“自我主权身份”。
Rohingya turn to blockchain to solve identity crisis
Rohingya refugees are turning to blockchain-type technology to help address one of their most existential threats: lack of officially-recognised identity.
Denied citizenship in their home country of Myanmar for decades, the Muslim minority was the target of a brutal campaign of violence by the military which culminated a year ago this week. A "clearance operation" led by Buddhist militia sent more than 700,000 Rohingya pouring over the border into Bangladesh, without passports or official ID.
The Myanmar government has since agreed to take the Rohingya back, but are refusing to grant them citizenship. Many Rohingya do not want to return and face life without a home or an identity. This growing crisis prompted Muhammad Noor and his team at the Rohingya Project to try to find a digital solution.
"Why does a centralised entity like a bank or government own my identity,"says Noor, a Rohingya community leader based in Kuala Lumpur. "Who are they to say if I am who I am?”
Using blockchain-based technology, Noor, is trialling the use of digital identity cards that aim to help Rohingya in Malaysia, Bangladesh and Saudi Arabia access services such as banking and education. The hope is that successful trials might lead to a system that can help the community across southeast Asia.
Under the scheme, a blockchain database is used to record individual digital IDs, which can then be issued to people once they have taken a test to verify that they are genuine Rohingya.
Noor's goal is to give Rohingya the power to reclaim their identities with a resilient system that their host countries will recognise, allowing them access to social programmes, legal rights, education and healthcare. At this stage, the Rohingya Project's main objective is to address the most prominent issue facing stateless peoples: financial exclusion.
Noor's team is one of a group of refugees and stateless peoples around the globe who are harnessing the power of blockchain technology to reclaim their identities.
The concept of the blockchain comes from the digital currency bitcoin, which tracks the movement of money around its ecosystem by grouping transactions into 10 minute-long blocks, each of which is inextricably linked to every previous block in a chain of transactions going back to the currency's creation.
Because of how those blocks are created and linked, they can serve as an immutable record of who owns what, even without any central authority verifying the network as a whole. That property – the idea of a decentralised, "trustless" database – has proved appealing to uses beyond e-money, with blockchain startups now offering everything from cloud computing to virtual trading cards.
It has gained popularity among humanitarians in recent years, with charities using it to transfer money cheaply and disburse aid to refugees.
Tufic Al Rjula's birth certificate was destroyed in Kuwait during the first Gulf war. Living for two years in a Dutch refugee camp as he worked through the asylum process, Al Rjula met more than 1,000 other "invisible"men, women and children whose identifying documents were either destroyed or unverifiable.
Years later, having personally experienced how centralised, paper-based IDs such as birth certificates, drivers licences and degrees can easily be lost, forged or misused, Al Rjula co-founded award-winning startup Tykn with Jimmy Snoek. Tykn's mission statement is to provide "self-sovereign identity to all".